A Guide to Building Your DnD 5e Fighter
Do you like hitting things? What about getting hit? Do you think that spellcaster classes get bogged down in utility when really all they need to do is grow a pair and punch stuff? The 5e Fighter might be for you.
What is this guide?
In this post, we will examine different choices you will be presented with when leveling up your character. Everything from which ability scores to max out to which races will give you the best stats (and everything in-between) will be covered. For the time being, this guide will be focusing primarily on content from the Player’s Handbook and DM’s Guide.
The guide will color code each separate item to help you identify, at a glance, how good that option will be for your Fighter. This color coding isn’t a hard and fast rule; there are plenty of sub-optimized options out there that will be viable to your party and will be fun to play.
- Red isn’t going to contribute to the effectiveness of your character build at all
- Orange is an OK option
- Green is a good option
- Blue is a great option, you should strongly consider this option for your character
- Sky Blue is an amazing option. If you do not take this option your character would not be optimized
So if you’re ready, grab your two handed greatsword and let’s get swinging.
Before You Start
Fighters need a race which plays to their build. Archers, melee Fighters, finesse-based melee Fighters, and Eldritch Knights all require different things. Generally, bonuses to physical ability scores are key.
Dwarf: Dwarves are a great choice for Melee Fighters (just look at Gimli). They get bonuses to CON and a free resistance to poison. What’s not to love?
- Hill: Bonuses to WIS isn’t going to help a ton but may be useful if you need to have high Perception, and the bonus hit points are always welcome.
- Mountain: Most Melee Fighters will take bonuses to STR all day.
Dragonborn: Bonuses to STR are beneficial for Melee Fighters. Breath Weapon is also a nice AoE attack that scales with character progression.
Elf: You’re likely not going to play an Elf unless you are a Finesse Fighter or Archer. Elves get a bonus to DEX, free Perception proficiency, and Darkvision, all of which are very important for DEX based Fighters.
- Wood Elf: Wood Elves get bonuses to WIS and some extra movement speed, neither of which is super exciting for Fighters.
- High Elf: High Elves get bonuses to INT and a free Cantrip. This can help with Eldritch Knight builds but likely won’t contribute much to the other types of Fighters.
- Drow: Drow get a bonus to CHA, a buffed up Darkvision and a free Cantrip. Not what you’re looking for in a Fighter.
Half-Elf: Half-Elves get a buff to CHA and get two free Ability Score Increases (ASIs). This combined with Dark Vision makes Half-Elves viable but not awesome.
Gnome: Gnomes get a bonus to INT that won’t help a whole lot unless you are running an Eldritch Knight. Gnome Cunning is pretty useless for Fighters.
- Forest: Forest Gnomes get a DEX bonus that may help if you are going for an Eldritch Knight or DEX based Fighter. Minor Illusion could also help you add more spells to your limited spell list.
- Rock: Rock Gnomes get a bonus to CON which is nice but really doesn’t help further than that.
Half-Orc: Half Orc’s get you a STR and CON bonus, both of which are perfect for Melee Fighters. Dark-Vision is nice, proficiency in Intimidation will help you flex on other people, Relentless Endurance is a nice bonus, and Savage Attacks is just plain savage.
Halfling: Halfings get a bonus to DEX which will be beneficial for any DEX based Fighters. Lucky is also a very handy feat when you’re swinging as much as Fighters do.
- Lightfoot: A bonus to CHA and the ability to hide a bit better aren’t helpful traits for Fighters.
- Stout: Stout Halflings get a bonus to CON which is useful for any Fighter. They also get a resistance to poison which is a nice bonus.
Human: Due to the races versatility, they make a great fighter no matter what archetype you play.
- Vanilla: Getting a bonus point to all of your ability scores is nice, but Fighters usually only need two.
- Variant: Variant Humans get a bonus to two ability scores of their choice and an extra feat, both of which are wicked for Fighters.
Tiefling: Intelligence and Charism are not what you need for Fighters. The resistance to fire and spellcasting are nice, but situational at best.
For this section, due to the sheer number of backgrounds available, I am simply going to list the most useful Fighter Backgrounds.
- Criminal: This will be a great choice for DEX based Fighters. Proficiency with Stealth and Deception and thieves’ tools can help your ability to sneak around and lie, increasing your utility for the party.
- Sailor: Proficiency with Athletics and Perception would be good enough to make this a great option. If you are playing in a campaign that involves boats in any way, this turns into an amazing option.
- Soldier: Proficiency with Athletics and Intimidation is certainly a good choice, especially because Intimidation can add to your utility for the party. Proficiency with the gaming set and land vehicles isn’t awesome but could be useful in certain circumstances.
Ability Score Increases (ASI) at 4th, 6th, 8th, 12th, 14th, 16th, and 19th level.
Fighters can be built in many ways. Melee Fighters are the simplest, but DEX based Fighters and Eldritch Knights all have different needs.
STR: As STR affects your Attack Rolls and Melee Damage, Melee Fighters need Strength above anything else. DEX based Fighters can dump this stat but Eldritch Knights should certainly buff this skill to a reasonable degree.
DEX: DEX will be important for DEX based Fighters as this will contribute to their AC and attack/damage roll. Melee Fighters and Eldritch Knights can dump this stat.
CON: Every Fighter needs hit points.
INT: The only time you should consider buffing INT would be if you are an Eldritch Knight as they cast spells using INT as their spell attack modifier.
WIS: WIS is helpful for Perception (the most important skill in the game) but this would be best left up to classes that need WIS for other class features (Rangers, Monks, etc.).
CHA: Again, Fighters should typically leave the CHA skill for classes that will make better use of it (Warlocks, Bards, etc.)
Fighter Class Progression
Hit Points and Hit Dice: d10 hit points is the second best hit dice around. The only class that gets a higher one is the Barbarian. Combine this with a high CON score, Second Wind, and heavy armor, this means your Fighter will be hard to put down.
Saves: STR and CON are decent saves to have proficiency in. You’re going to be seeing CON more than STR.
Proficiencies: All armour, weapons and shields? Yes please. You don’t need to worry too much about utility skills like Stealth or Persuasion as the party’s enforcer.
Skills: Athletics (being the only STR based skill) is a shoo-in for the Fighter’s most important skill. The rest of their skills aren’t going to be stellar for most Fighters as they are mostly INT, WIS or CHA based.
- Acrobatics (Dex)
- Animal Handling (Cha)
- Athletics (Str)
- History (Int)
- Insight (Wis)
- Intimidation (Cha)
- Perception (Wis)
- Survival (Wis)
Fighting Style: One of the Fighter’s iconic abilities, and a great reason to multiclass into Fighter.
- Archery: The go-to for DEX based Fighters (specifically Ranged). +2 to ranged attacks? Yes please.
- Defense: +1 to AC isn’t overly exciting but seeing as AC is hard to scale it can make a difference in the early and long game.
- Dueling: Being able to wear a shield while dealing close to two-handed weapon damage is a very, very tempting option.
- Great Weapon Fighting: Not an awesome option, only adds about 1 damage per attack. It would be better to pick up Defense to make up for the fact you aren’t wielding a shield.
- Protection: Only being useful when within 5ft is a major disadvantage for this skill, especially if you’re the tank of your party as most of your party members will be staying back while you are up in the fray.
- Two-Weapon Fighting: While Two-Weapon Fighting can make you hit a lot easier with your offhand weapon, there are some disadvantages to being a dual wielding fighter. Mainly, the fact that attacking with your offhand takes your bonus action. This doesn’t cause your offhand attacks to scale with your extra attacks. This will cause the damage you output to quickly become overshadowed by something like using a Greatsword or taking the Dueling Martial Archetype.
Second Wind: 1d10 + Fighter level as a bonus action is certainly a great feature for someone who is going to be in the middle of most fights.
Action Surge: An extra action allows you to do a lot of really powerful things, including a pile of additional attacks. This is a good reason for nearly any class to multiclass into Fighter.
The Battle master provides a ton of variability in combat. This Martial Archetype rivals the Eldritch Knight in sheer amount of potential for getting creative to get the upper hand on enemies in combat.
- Commander’s Strike: Typically, the Fighter in the group will be hitting the hardest, so it doesn’t make sense to pass an attack off. This situation changes to a Sky Blue if you have a Rogue as they can sneak attack damage once per turn (not per round).
- Disarming Attack: Disarming a target isn’t a great option unless it is holding something you want. This is because picking up a weapon is a Free Action as determined on page 190 of the PHB.
- Distracting Strike: Useful when trying to focus fire on an enemy, especially one with higher AC. Great option if your party has a Rogue.
- Evasive Footwork: Nice in a pinch if you have to get out of a combat situation.
- Feinting Attack: Eats up your bonus action but grants advantage on your attack plus damage.
- Goading Attack: Typically if you are in melee combat with a creature, they will be attacking you anyways. Good option in case you want to direct damage towards a more tanky party member but it won’t come up that often.
- Lunging Attack: Just not a great option. The extra 5ft of reach isn’t important enough for a Superiority Dice.
- Maneuvering Attack: More useful than Goading Attack at protecting fellow teammates.
- Menacing Attack: Very good option for controlling the battlefield. Frightened is a great status effect.
- Parry: Alright option if you are a STR based fighter (which you likely are if you are taking Battlemaster). Could be limited in its effectiveness if you dumped DEX. Reducing damage is often much more effective than waiting to heal it later.
- Precision Attack: Great option to turn near misses into hits, especially because you can use it after the attack roll.
- Pushing Attack: Alright option if you are looking to disengage or if the enemy is by a ledge. Situational at best.
- Rally: As Charisma is a dump stat most of the time, leave healing to the healer.
- Riposte: Great option to get extra attacks in. Eats your reaction but if you’re not a Defender build this is an amazing option.
- Sweeping Attack: Not a great option, focus your attacks!
- Trip Attack: Allows the target a STR save but if you can get them prone they are going to have a super bad time with all of your attacks with Advantage.
Student of War: Artisans tools probably won’t matter to the game.
Know Your Enemy: Provides some awesome information about a BBEG if you can get them talking. Really flavorful and pretty useful.
Improved Combat Superiority: Nice damage boost on your most important class features.
Relentless: Always having a Superiority Dice at the beginning of combat is a nice feeling.
Simple but effective. Hitting things with criticals more often is a big deal, especially for Fighters.
- Improved Critical: Doubling your chance for a critical hit feels very, very nice.
- Remarkable Athlete: This is great for builds that have a lower DEX stat as it allows you to act outside of combat a little more (sneaking, sleight of hand) and provides a great bonus to initiative rolls.
- Additional Fighting Style: If you didn’t pick up Defense the first time around, now is your time for +1 to AC. Otherwise, the world is your oyster.
- Superior Critical: Just as exciting as when your chances for a critical hit increases the first time around. Although this time you will have 3 (possibly 6) attacks in a round.
- Survivor: Automatically healing at the beginning of every round is extremely good.
Extremely fun to play and downright nasty in a fight.
- Spellcasting: Most of the time you’re going to be using your spell slots for reaction-based defensive spells (like Shield and Absorb Elements) until you get to 13th level and you’re able to pick up Fireball. These spells are a great way to make your Fighter more versatile in combat.
- Weapon Bond: Never being without your weapon is a great thing for outside of combat situations.
- War Magic: In most circumstances you will simply want to take your attacks rather than casting a Cantrip, as the damage output will be more reliable.
- Eldritch Strike: This really opens up your options when it comes to effectively casting spells that require a saving throw.
- Arcane Charge: This essentially gives you another turn (minus the bonus action) that you can use at will and regain after a short rest. This is wicked.
- Improved War Magic: Same problem as War Magic. By 18th level you are outputting a ton of damage. When you can hit with an AoE spell this option can easily turn into Sky Blue.
Extra Attack: Fighters get more attacks than any class except for the Monk. This is huge when combined with Action Surge or a feat like Champion.
Get a 3rd attack at level 11 and a 4th attack at level 20.
Indomitable: Great feature, especially for builds that dumped DEX.
Get a 2nd use at level 13 and a 3rd at level 17.
In this section, we will be focusing on feats that are applicable to the typical Fighter builds.
- Crossbow Expert: It’s like Two Weapon Fighting but you can add your DEX modifier to the offhand attack. If you are a DEX build this is an extremely tempting option.
- Defensive Duelist: It is very unlikely that you will be wielding a finesse weapon as a Fighter.
- Dual Wielder: Good option for Two-Weapon Fighting builds, but seeing as that build is optimal, the ceiling for this feat is quite low.
- Durable: The amount of healing this provides in conjunction with an already high CON stat is an awesome way to keep your Fighter on their feet throughout the day. Plus, it gives a +1 to CON. Great choice.
- Grappler: I get that a Grapple build is a thing, but it is not a very strong option.
- Great Weapon Master: This won’t be a ton of help against creatures with a large HP pool or high AC. It can also plateau towards the end of your campaign.
- Heavy Armor Master: Damage reduction like this is a massive boost to being able to stay alive through fights, especially good on builds not looking to use a shield.
- Lucky: Just a straight up, damn good feat.
- Martial Adept: This is a fairly good option for Battlemasters that want more dice/maneuvers and for Champions that want to trip a foe and use the advantage to aim for critical hits. It is however, a bit more clunky than taking something like Lucky.
- Mounted Combat: Very specific feat but if you find yourself on horses a lot this is a must have.
- Polearm Master: This is definitely one of the more busted feats. The amount of attacks this will net you in a single encounter will be substantive. Pair with Defense Fighting Style and Sentinel for pure insanity.
- Resilient: This is an alright option for becoming proficient in DEX saves.
- Sentinel: Great feat all on it’s own to control the battlefield. Combine with Polearm Master for an insane combo.
- Sharpshooter: Pretty much the same thing as Great Weapon Master. The negative you take to your attack roll for damage can be offset a bit more by using the Archery Fighting style.
- Shield Master: This is a great option to use your bonus action, if you don’t already have a use for it. Knocking a creature prone gives the rest of your party advantage, but keep in mind that this is only available after you have taken an attack action.
- Tavern Brawler: Useful for grappler builds, otherwise you can do without it.
- Tough: Good option to boost your HP max if you are going super tank.
- War Caster: Don’t bother, unless you are an Eldritch Knight in which case you need this feat.
This section will be almost exclusively relevant for Eldritch Knights, as Magic Initiate isn’t a great option for battle mages. If you are going for an optimal build, Eldritch Knights shouldn’t typically rely on damage spells or spells that give the creature a saving throw. This is because you will be able to continue to drop INT while focusing on STR and CON.
- Blade Ward: At 7th level, when you get War Magic, this can be a decent option if you are desperately looking to reduce damage.
- Burning Hands: Decent option if you can catch a bunch of creatures in the cone. Might be a bit lackluster due to your low save DC.
- Mage Armor: Seeing as you have proficiency in all armour you will likely never take this.
- Magic Missile: Guaranteed damage when you need it but I can’t imagine you will ever want to use this over your attacks.
- Find Familiar: Seeing as your familiar gets to take a turn of it’s own but can’t attack, having it take the help action to give you advantage on attacks is a great option.
- Protection from Evil and Good: Awesome defensive buff to use in certain situations.
- Shield: This is likely one of the best spells in your repertoire. Doesn’t require any INT to be able to cast and is a great use of reactions.
- Thunderwave: Decent AoE spell but seeing as your Spell Save DC will be low compared to your level this could have underwhelming effects.
- Misty Step: Cast as a bonus action and gives you awesome mobility and the ability to get out of sticky situations. This is a take for sure.
- Scorching Ray: Again, you’re going to be staying away from damage spells that require a spell attack or save. If you need a ranged option I would likely stick with a javelin.
- See Invisibility: Outside your school limitation, but you don’t have another way to handle invisible creatures.
- Shatter: This is essentially a 2nd level Thunderwave with better damage, But it’s going to be tough with your low INT modifier.
- Fireball: Your low INT modifier might make this a bit of a less attractive option, but with 8d6 damage and a large AoE, Fireball is a solid option whenever you can target a group of enemies.
- Fly: This is a great pick up at level 8 when you can choose a spell from any school of magic. Having the flight ability gives you tons of mobility and advantage over grounded opponents.
- Haste: Awesome buff but again is outside of the abjuration and evocation school. Would be a pretty good pickup regardless.
- Lightning Bolt: Between Fireball and Lightning Bolt, the win usually goes to Fireball. It is just too hard to get a large number of creatures in a line.
- Magic Circle: This is a great spell but is too situational to use up one of your limited spells on.
- Protection from Energy: Decent spell if you are going into a fight that you know for a fact will have a ton of damage from a specific elemental type, but I would typically just stock Absorb Elements.
- Banishment: Really, really good option but your Spell Save DC is likely too low to use this reliably.
- Fire Shield: Awesome defensive and offensive option. Activate, run into the fray, enjoy all your extra damage!
- Greater Invisibility: Really good spell to get in and do a lot of damage. One downside is that, as a Fighter, you are supposed to be taking damage off your party members. You can’t exactly do that if you’re invisible.
- Ice Storm: Similar damage to Fireball. There are a lot better spells to be casting with your 4th level.
- Polymorph: Awesome to take a big baddie out of the fight. Similar issues to Banishment but with a better payoff if it works.
- Stoneskin: Good defensive option. Downside is you will likely be getting hit with magical attacks a decent chunk of the time when you are past level 19.
- Wall of Fire: Probably your best option with a 4th level slot. Really great at controlling the battlefield, even if your save DC is low.